Get Smart Know About Antibiotics: Know When They Will Work


  • Cold/Runny Nose: Usually caused by viruses. Antibiotic not needed.
  • Bronchitis/Chest Cold: Usually caused by viruses. Antibiotic not needed.
  • Whooping Cough: Usually caused by bacteria. Antibiotic needed.
  • Flu: Usually caused by viruses. Antibiotic not needed.
  • Strep Throat: Usually caused by bacteria. Antibiotic needed.
  • Sore Throat (except strep): Usually caused by viruses. Antibiotic not needed.
  • Fluid in the Middle Ear (otitis media with effusion): Usually caused by viruses. Antibiotic not needed.
  • Urinary Tract Infection: Usually caused by bacteria. Antibiotic needed.

Antibiotic use is the leading cause of antibiotic resistance. Up to one-third to one-half of antibiotic use in humans is either unnecessary or inappropriate. Each year in the United States, 47 million unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions are written in doctor’s offices, emergency rooms, and hospital-based clinics, which makes improving antibiotic prescribing and use a national priority.

What You Can Do

Just because your healthcare professional doesn’t give you an antibiotic doesn’t mean you aren’t sick. Talk with your healthcare professional about the best treatment for your or your child’s illness.

To feel better when you or your child has a viral infection:

  • Ask your healthcare professional about over-the-counter treatment options that may help reduce symptoms.
  • Drink more fluids.
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Use a cool-mist vaporizer or saline nasal spray to relieve congestion.
  • Soothe your throat with crushed ice, sore throat spray, or lozenges. (Do not give lozenges to young children.)
  • Use honey to relieve cough. (Do not give honey to an infant under one year of age.)
  • If you are diagnosed with the flu, there are flu antiviral drugs that can be used to treat flu illness. They are prescription drugs.getsmart_logo_125px

For more informtaion:


Raising Awareness About Diabetes

november-is-american-diabetes-month Diabetes affects more than 29 million Americans. Another 86 million people – more than 1 in 3 adults – have prediabetes. For people with or at risk of diabetes, regular physical activity helps improve insulin sensitivity and glycemic control, has a positive effoect on blood pressure and cholesterol, and helps manage weight.

We can use this month to raise awareness about diabetes risk factors and encourage people to make healthy changes. Here are a ways you can encourage yourself or others you know to keep diabetes under control:

  • Encourage people to make small changes, like taking the stairs instead of the elevator, or taking a short walk during the day.
  • Get regular checkups, such as blood pressure, cholesterol and asking your doctor about your risk for diabetes.
  • Replace sugary drinks with water. Adding fruits to water adds flavor without sugar.
  • Eat more vegetables and and foods high in fiber such as:
    • Dark green veggies (e.g., broccoli, spinach, brussels sprouts).
    • Orange veggies (e.g., carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, winter squash).
    • Beans and peas (e.g., black beans, garbanzo beans, kidney beans, pinto beans, split peas, lentils).
    • Breakfast cereals made with 100% whole grains.
    • Oatmeal.
    • Whole grain rice.
    • Whole-wheat bread, bagels, pita bread, and tortillas.

Diabetes is a chronic disease and one of the leading causes of disability and death in the United States. It can cause blindness,  nerve damage, kidney disease, and other health problems if not controlled.

Enjoy “Tasty Recipes for People with Diabetes and Their Families.”